Interpersonal Friendship A Prerequisite to Mystical Contemplation, according to St. Teresa of Avila
Main Article Content
Teresa of Avila, interpersonal friendship, spiritual love, prayer, love of neighbor
Teresa of Avila, a 16th-century Carmelite nun known as a teacher of the mys-tical life, proposed interpersonal friendship as one of the prerequisites for the life of prayer. She envisaged prayer as an interpersonal relationship with the triune God and considered interpersonal friendship among the aspirants of prayer as essential. For her, prayer was the practical fruit of the sisterly rela-tionship lived in the community. With mystical contemplation as destination, an attempt is made to bring out the nuances of Teresa’s thoughts on the need for friendship for prayer, the right form of love, and the atmosphere required to nurture such love.
Benedict XVI. 2006. Deus caritas est (God is Love): Encyclical Letter. Mumbai: Pauline Publications.
Broughton, R. 1996. Praying with Teresa of Avila. Minnesota: Christian Brothers Publications.
Burrows, R. 2006. Essence of prayer. New York: Burns & Oates.
D’Souza, G. 1981. Teresian mysticism and yoga. Mangalore: Carmel Hill.
Dubay, T.S.M. 1989. Fire within: St. Teresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross, and the Gospel – on prayer. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.
Egan, K.J. (ed.) 2005. Carmelite prayer: A tradition for the 21st century. Mysore: Dhyanavana Publications.
Locker, F. 2004. The way of perfection: Study guide. Kuching: Secular Dis-calced Community.
Marie, P. 1999. Carmelite spirituality in the Teresian tradition. Sullivan, K. (trans.). Kerala: Carmel International Publishing House.
O’Keefe, M. 2016. The way of transformation: Saint Teresa of Avila on the foundation and fruit of prayer. Washington: ICS Publications.
Teresa of Avila. 1982. The collected works of St. Teresa of Avila. Ka-vanaugh, K. & R. Otilio (trans.). 3 vols. Trivandrum: Carmel Publish-ing House.
Tyler, P. & E. Howells (eds.) 2017. Teresa of Avila: Mystical theology and spirituality in the Carmelite tradition. New York: Routledge.